Diwali Essay in English

Diwali Essay in English: This essay provides a comprehensive overview of the festival of Diwali in India, covering its significance, traditions, and impact on society. Spanning over five days, Diwali celebrates the victory of light over darkness and has religious and mythological roots.

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The essay highlights the rituals and customs associated with each day of Diwali, such as cleaning and decorating homes, lighting diyas, bursting firecrackers, and exchanging gifts. It emphasizes the festival’s promotion of unity, togetherness, and gratitude while emphasizing the need for an eco-friendly celebration. Overall, the essay portrays Diwali as a festival of joy, love, and spiritual renewal.

Diwali Essay in English for Students

Diwali Essay

Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is one of the most prominent and widely celebrated festivals in India. It is a festival of lights and signifies the victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance. Diwali is celebrated with immense joy and enthusiasm by people of different religions and ethnicities all over the country. In this essay, we will explore the significance, traditions, and customs associated with Diwali and its impact on Indian society.

The festival of Diwali is usually celebrated in the months of October or November, and the exact date is determined by the Hindu lunar calendar. The preparations for Diwali begin weeks in advance, as people clean and decorate their homes, buy new clothes, and exchange gifts with family and friends. The festival spans over five days, each with its own unique rituals and celebrations.

The first day of Diwali is called Dhanteras, which is considered auspicious for purchasing new items, especially gold and silver. It is believed that buying something new on Dhanteras brings prosperity and good luck in the upcoming year. On this day, people decorate their homes with colorful rangoli patterns and light diyas (clay lamps) to invite the Goddess Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth and prosperity.

The second day of Diwali is known as Naraka Chaturdashi or Choti Diwali. It commemorates the victory of Lord Krishna over the demon Narakasura. People wake up early in the morning and take a holy bath before performing special prayers. In the evening, houses are lit up with oil lamps and firecrackers are burst to drive away evil spirits.

The third day of Diwali is the main day of the festival, and it is celebrated with great fervor. It is believed that on this day, Lord Rama, along with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, returned to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile and defeating the demon king Ravana. People light diyas and candles in their homes, temples, and public places to welcome Lord Rama and celebrate his victory. The night sky is filled with colorful fireworks, adding to the joyous festive atmosphere.

The fourth day of Diwali is dedicated to celebrating the bond between brothers and sisters. Known as Bhai Dooj or Bhaiya Dooj, sisters pray for the well-being and long life of their brothers, and in return, brothers offer gifts to their sisters. This day symbolizes the loving relationship between siblings and strengthens family bonds.

The fifth and final day of Diwali is called Govardhan Puja or Annakoot. It is a day of gratitude and thanksgiving to Lord Krishna for protecting the villagers of Gokul from heavy rains and floods. People prepare and share special vegetarian meals, and offer them to the deities as a mark of gratitude.

Apart from the religious and mythological significance, Diwali has a profound impact on Indian society. It promotes unity and togetherness, as people from different religious backgrounds come together to celebrate the festival. Diwali serves as a reminder of the importance of good over evil and spreads the message of peace, harmony, and goodwill among all.

During Diwali, people also exchange gifts and sweets as a token of love and appreciation. This strengthens relationships and fosters a sense of generosity and compassion. It is also a time for family get-togethers and reunion, as people travel long distances to be with their loved ones and celebrate the festival together.

However, in recent years, the extravagant use of firecrackers during Diwali has raised concerns over pollution and environmental damage. The toxic smoke and noise pollution produced by firecrackers have a detrimental impact on the environment and human health. As a result, there has been a growing awareness and advocacy for celebrating an eco-friendly Diwali, with emphasis on using eco-friendly decorations and discouraging the use of fireworks.


Diwali is an important festival that holds great cultural, religious, and social significance in India. It is a time of joy, happiness, and spiritual renewal. Through its rituals, traditions, and customs, Diwali promotes unity, love, and respect for all. As we celebrate this festival of lights, let us strive to make it an eco-friendly and inclusive celebration, spreading not just light, but also awareness and compassion in the world around us.

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